Gramatika engleskog jezika

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16.04.2012.

Teorija i primjeri

Present Simple Tense Koristi se za sadasnju radnju koja se ponavlja. Gradi se tako sto se na 3.lice jednine doda nastavak -s --es. Za upitni ide do/does,vza odricni don't/doesn't (does; doesn't je za 3.lice jednine, za ostala ide do; don't) Mark plays football. Does Mark play football? M ark doesn't play football. Present Continuous Koristi se za sadasnju radnju koja se desava upravo sada. Gradi se od am, are, is + glagol i nastavak -ing. (am,are,is je sadasnje vreme od pomocnog glagola BE) I am playing. Am I playing? (upitni formiras tako sto samo okrenes pomocni glagol i licnu zamenicu) I am not playing. Present Perfect Koristi se za radnju koja je pocela u proslosti i upravo zavrsena. gradi se: have/has + past participle za nepravilne ili druga kolona za pravilne. signali za present perfect: ever,never,always,since,for,already,just, yet... (yet ide uvek na kraj). I have finished my homework. Have I..? I haven't... Present Perfect Continuous Za radnju koja je pocela u proslosti i jos traje. Have/has been + glagol + -ing I Have been playing tennis all day long. Have I been playing...? I haven't been playing... Past Simple Tense Koristi se za radnju koja se desila u proslosti u odredjenom trenutku. Gradi se tako sto se na pravilne glagole doda -ed ili -d, a za nepravilne druga kolona. Za upitni oblik ide DID I broke the window. Did I break the window? I didn't break the window. Past Continuous Tense Koristi se za radnju koja je trajala duze u proslosti. was/were + glagol + -ing I was running for two hours. Was I running...? I wasn't running. Past Continuous+ Past Simple Kad imas dve radnje koje su se desile u proslosti, a jedna je trajala duze- ta koja je trajala duze ide u past continuous a radnja koja je prekinula tu radnju ide u past simple. While I was reading a book, my friends came. Past Perfect Simple Za proslu radnju koja se desila prije neke druge prosle radnje. Had+past participle I had bought a present before I went to the party. Had I bought...? I hadn't bought... Radnja koja se desila nakon past perfecta,obicno je past simple. FUTURE SIMPLE: Za radnju koja ce se desiti u buducnosti. will+infinitive I will go to USA. Will I go..? I will not go.. PASSIVE: BE+Past participle. Pasiv koristimo kad je naglasak na radnji,a ne na vrsiocu. Objekat aktivne postaje subjekat pasivne. Slaganje vremena: Do slaganja vremena dolazi kad je glavni glagol u past tensu. vremena se slazu tako da se svako vreme vrati za jedno unazad. present simple u past simple, past simple u past perfect, past perfect ostaje isti, future simple u future in the past, present perfect u past perfect, present continuous u past cont. past cont. u past perf cont.... will u would , today u that day, tomorrow u next day, yesterday u the day before... can u could, must u had to... Relative clauses: defining i non-defining. Defining nemaju zareze Kod non-defining, ono sto ide izmedju zareza je samo dodatna informacija i ona se moze izbaciti. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Radnja koja je nervirala govornika i koja je trajala duze vremena u proslosti. I had been waiting for you for three hours. Had I been waiting..? I hadn't been waiting..


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